CBD In Missouri

2021 Complete Guide

MO CBD 2021

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Missouri hemp and CBD laws 2021

Before we get into the details of Missouri hemp CBD laws, let’s take a moment to explain exactly what CBD is. 

Humans have been using cannabis for medicinal purposes for eons. The most abundant active compounds produced in the cannabis plant are appropriately known as cannabinoids. The two most common cannabinoids are THC (aka tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (aka cannabidiol). While THC is notorious for its intoxicating effects, CBD is non-intoxicating. Both THC and CBD provide medicinal benefits. 

Strains of cannabis that produce more than trace amounts of THC are known collectively as marijuana. While strains of cannabis that produce under 0.3 percent THC are known as hemp. 

Cannabinoid-rich strains of cannabis produce resinous flower clusters that can contain as high as 25 percent or more total cannabinoids. These can be put through an extraction, filtration, and distillation process to produce clarified essential oils such as CBD oil. Taken to its extreme this process produces 99+ percent pure CBD or THC. These purified cannabinoids are odorless and tasteless and are therefore ideal for use in foods (aka edibles), beverages, and skin creams.

In Missouri, marijuana and hemp fall under two completely different sets of laws. Before we go into detail on the laws, let’s now take a short trip through time and look at how Missouri cannabis laws have developed over the decades.

A brief history of Missouri hemp and marijuana laws

Hemp cultivation in Missouri can be traced back to as early as 1835. In fact, in the 19th century, Missouri was the second-largest producer of hemp behind Kentucky.

In the year 1844, Missouri farmers produced 12,500 tons of hemp. However, at the time, hemp was actually less profitable and more labor-intensive than other crops, and by the end of the Civil War, without slave labor, hemp production had begun to drop off dramatically. 

In the 1930s the US federal government began its crusade to demonize cannabis. The “Reefer Madness” mentality that was promoted at the time has lasted more than eight decades and is still prevalent today. However, things began to change near the end of the 20th century when states began to defy federal law and legalize the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes. 

It took Missouri until 2014 to catch on. At that time, hemp and marijuana were basically considered the same plant in the eyes of the US government. However, that year, Missouri lawmakers created the Missouri Hemp Extract Registration Program (MHERP). This program allowed the use of low-THC hemp extract for the treatment of intractable epilepsy. Approved patients were permitted to purchase low-THC hemp extracts from two state-regulated “cannabidiol oil care centers.”

At the end of 2014, however, the federal government passed legislation that allowed state universities to implement hemp pilot programs in order to study the cultivation and processing of hemp. Things began to progress quickly after this. 

It took Missouri a few years after the 2014 breakthrough to begin exploiting the new federal hemp laws. And by the time this happened, the laws changed again. 

In 2018, the Missouri General Assembly passed a measure that removed hemp from the definition of marijuana and created the Industrial Hemp Research Program to take advantage of the 2014 law. Under the program universities in Missouri would be permitted to plant hemp on a research basis beginning with the 2019 growing season. 

However, at the end of 2018, the federal government went a step further and legalized the commercial cultivation and sale of hemp. As a result, in July of 2019, Missouri amended its hemp cultivation laws to align with the new federal rules. 

In November of 2018 Missouri voters passed a ballot initiative that called for a greatly expanded medical marijuana program in the state. A bill was signed into law in July 2019 making Missouri the 32nd state to legalize medical marijuana. 

Today, the latest buzz is that it’s looking like Missouri is leaning toward legalizing marijuana altogether. So far, ten marijuana legalization petitions have been circulated to add the issue into the 2020 ballot.

So there’s the back story on Missouri hemp and CBD laws. But you might have noticed that in all of this we never mentioned the legalization of CBD oil. That’s because none of the state’s hemp laws even mention CBD! So is CBD legal in Missouri? Let’s get into the details of this and other frequently asked questions related to Missouri CBD laws.

Missouri Hemp CBD laws FAQ | 2021

Is hemp CBD legal in Missouri?

As you just learned, the state’s hemp laws don’t specifically state that CBD is legal. That being said, it seems as though law enforcement agencies in Missouri have no interest in indicting residents for possession of hemp-derived CBD oil. Countless shops in the state of Missouri are already selling hemp CBD oil regardless of the fact that it still falls into this gray area in the law. 

Note that CBD oil can also be produced from marijuana. However marijuana-derived oils typically contain THC as well as CBD and thus fall under the state’s marijuana laws. And there are two sets of marijuana laws in Missouri — those pertaining to medical marijuana patients and those that apply to everyone else. Card-carrying medical marijuana patients are permitted to purchase products containing THC at state-licensed dispensaries. If you’re one of those patients, be sure to carry your card with you and keep your medicine in its original packaging to prove that you procured it legally.

Can doctors in Missouri prescribe hemp CBD?

In order for a drug to qualify as a prescription medication, it must first be approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. The FDA has approved only one such drug known as Epidiolex for the treatment of certain types of childhood epilepsy. Aside from that, doctors in Missouri are not permitted to prescribe hemp CBD products to their patients. They are, however, allowed to recommend CBD oil if they feel the patient can benefit from its use. 

Missouri doctors may also approve patients to take part in the state’s medical marijuana program. In order to be approved for a medical marijuana card in Missouri, patients much be diagnosed with one of the following medical conditions:

Missouri medical marijuana qualifying conditions

What medical conditions are being treated with hemp CBD in Missouri?

The most common reasons given for using hemp CBD are to relieve pain, help with sleep, and to treat anxiety and depression. However, hemp CBD is being used to treat a wide array of medical conditions from acne to cancer. 

Here are some of the many medical conditions being treated with CBD in Missouri:

Buy CBD online in Missouri?

Absolutely. In fact, you’re probably better off buying CBD products online than you are buying them in a convenience store. Aside from the luxury of having them delivered right to your doorstep, you’ll find a much wider array of products online. However, be sure to do your homework and find a brand that you can trust to produce high-quality products. There are a lot of shady companies out there.

Which hemp CBD products are available?

As we mentioned, technically CBD oil has not actually been legalized yet in Missouri. As we also mentioned, that hasn’t stopped shops statewide from selling CBD products. But they do so at their own peril. There have been cases of shops being raided for selling actual hemp buds that look and smell exactly like marijuana. 

But as a consumer, the risk of getting in trouble for possessing CBD products in Missouri seems to be nil. As a result, the demand for these products has been exploding resulting in a wide array of CBD oils and other CBD-infused products.

Here are some of the many CBD products that are available in Missouri:

Where can I buy hemp CBD in Missouri?

There are hundreds if not thousands of shops selling CBD in Missouri. A quick Google search for “Missouri CBD stores” brings up over 150 results and there are surely many, many more. Hemp CBD oil and other CBD products mentioned above can be found at smoke shops, CBD specialty shops, health food stores, spas, and even some grocery and drug store chains in the state. The majority of these shops are located in the larger cities in the state including Kansas City, St. Louis, Springfield, Columbia, and Independence. 

Now, if you’re looking for marijuana-derived oils that contain THC you’ll have to have a medical marijuana card.

Can I legally grow hemp in Missouri?

Hemp cultivation is now legal in Missouri, however not just anyone can go out and grow hemp in their backyard. In order to grow your own marijuana or cannabinoid-rich strains of hemp, you’ll need a medical marijuana card. Patients who grow their own cannabis may grow up to six mature plants and possess up to a 90-day supply of marijuana or hemp. However there are strict rules, so bone up on them before you get growing.  

Aside from being a medical marijuana patient, if you want to grow hemp in Missouri you’ll need a license from the Missouri Department of Agriculture. The state began accepting license applications Jan. 2, 2020. Before January was over the state had received more than 100 applications.

In order to get a hemp growing license in Missouri, you’ll have to cough up a nonrefundable $750 application fee. If you’re approved you’ll have to put up another $750 for a license that’s good for one growing season. 

You’ll find links at the end of the article to more information on how to get a hemp growing license in Missouri.

Can I legally sell CBD in Missouri?

Again, this is an unanswerable question. Are there laws against selling CBD in Missouri? No. But has CBD been legalized in Missouri? Also, no. Although the state seems to have taken a hands-off approach, for the most part, there’s still going to be some risk involved. You can still face criminal drug possession charges for selling CBD products. Although no one has ever been prosecuted for the possession of CBD in Missouri, shops have been raided and people have been arrested. 

The greatest risk comes from selling hemp CBD flower. There’s always the possibility that the product contains more than the 0.3 percent limit of THC in which case it puts the seller at risk of being charged with marijuana distribution which is a felony. 

If you have a legit shop with a reputation to uphold, it’s highly recommended that you consult with an attorney that is experienced in Missouri hemp and CBD laws before you start selling hemp buds.

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